It is an unfortunate reality that the internet is not always safe. Hackers are now capable of attacking any of your gadgets, but you can take steps to protect yourself. Let’s look at some types of cyber attacks and how to determine them so that you know what type of attack has been made against you!
Types of cyber-attacks are many and varied. There are different types of online attacks, including phishing emails, spam, spoofing, data mining, and injecting cookies, which are tiny computer programs that can track your Internet browsing history. Computer viruses cause physical damage to a computer. Trojans have become an extremely destructive threat because they are able to take over a computer without permission and give the hacker access to all the information stored on that computer. Hackers can also execute other types of malicious software that do harm to a computer.
Hackers use cyber-attacks for several reasons:
- getting your private information;
- stealing money and so on.
Most Common Cyber-Attacks
Let’s discuss some of the most popular cyber-attacks in detail. Regular people usually fall victim to those types of attacks:
- Spear Phishing.
- Denial-of-service Attack.
Spear Phishing is a form of hacking which targets a specific individual or company for personal gain by sending them emails with malicious attachments or links in order to get into their accounts.
Example: “Did you get my email asking for your username and password to our login?”
Likely cyber-attack example: You receive an email from someone or somewhere that has hacked into their system, but they are pretending to be the official account. They will ask for login information in order to access it. Avoid this by being cautious of what websites you visit. Always check URLs before entering any personal info (username/password). Never click on suspicious links! Also make sure all software is up-to-date with security patches so hackers can’t exploit loopholes within them easily.
Denial-of-service Attack is when hackers send requests from multiple sources to overload servers with traffic, this causes downtime on websites and other services being attacked .
Example: “the servers are unable to process any requests due to a massive amount of traffic”
Likely cyber-attack example: Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is an attempted or successful, temporary or long term disruption or interruption of normal functioning of computers and/or networks. This type of hacking tends to be politically motivated as hackers use it as a platform for their beliefs by targeting governments, national institutions, political parties etc. There have been multiple attacks against countries all over the world that have caused damage from financial loss up to physical harm on individuals within targeted areas. The best way you can prepare yourself is through backing up your data regularly in case something like this happens! If there’s no time for backups before an attack, you can always use the cloud to recover your files.
Ransomware is when hackers encrypt your data and require you to pay them in order for them to release the key so that you can access it.
Example: “you cannot get into your files”
Likely cyber-attack example: Hackers will lock up all of your important information (most commonly photos, music, videos, etc.) using encryption methods that are incredibly difficult to crack without the decryption key. These types of cyberattacks tend to be motivated by money as they make a certain amount per victim who pays their ransom fee or set out a timer until their demands expire if no one has paid within 24 hours! The best way you can prepare yourself against this type of threat is by backing up your data regularly.
However, there are some lesser know attacks which we will also touch on, just not so thoroughly.
Cyber-criminals use malicious software to infiltrate a network. It can be malicious code hidden in an executable file, video codecs, or music file. Most malware is designed to specifically get access to a specific program or file. For example, if a website operator scans their servers for code that could allow access to their servers, they would be attacking the system, not the website.
In more recent years, Trojan viruses have become one of the most common methods for cyber-attackers to obtain confidential information. The goal is for a cyber attacker to install a program on a targeted computer that captures keystrokes, often without authorization. The resulting data is then sent to the attacker.
Session hijacking is an attack in which an attacker has the ability to take control of a running application. Typically, attackers gain access to a victim’s computer via an implant, remote control device, or through some sort of attack on the victim’s browser. They can then use the control panel to change the settings of the application, delete files, and perform other activities. The attack is generally conducted during a normal Internet session. Some variations of this include the so-called slow pitch technique, which is executed by slowing down data that passes over a slow port such as TCP/IP.
A multi-level security appliance (MiDA) is a computer software tool that collects identifying information from a computer and transmits it to an attacker. A MiDA is commonly called a malware-intrusion device since it resembles a virus – except that it operates inside a virtual machine. Because it functions within the virtual machine, this makes it nearly impossible to detect. Attackers can use the information gathered by the MiDA to determine the physical location of an IP address or execute remote access without appropriate authorization.
Viruses, Trojans, worms, and other malicious software can corrupt programs and data on a network. Attackers rely on these types of operations to spread their own viruses, worms, or data to other computers. In most cases, attackers will use a “rogue antivirus” application to distribute their codes.
A Trojan horse is a type of malicious program that carries out activities like log rolling a computer, planting remote-root kits, and other activities. These types of attacks are often conducted by hackers who use “fake antivirus” applications and data to spread their viruses.
It is essential that people don’t ignore cyber security as it becomes bigger and more dangerous each day. People need to be aware of how they are being targeted so that hackers will not succeed in their attacks! Knowing what types of cyberattacks there are out there makes it easier for us to protect ourselves from them. We also must keep our systems updated with security patches so we aren’t vulnerable to exploits within any software programs or apps we have on our devices!